Human Trafficking is against the law and a serious violation of human rights. In the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in persons, it is defined as a form of recruitment and harbor of people by means of threat, force and deception.
Traffickers abuse their power and position against the vulnerability of another person for the purpose of exploitation. At a minimum, exploitation may be in the form of prostitution, forced labor or the removal of organs. Whatever it is one thing is common among all human trafficking victims – they lose their freedom.
In the United States, the most common form of human trafficking is prostitution. It often occurs online, in residential brothels, in the street or in businesses or spas that secretly function as brothels. Labor trafficking, on the other hand, is prevalent in domestic servitude situations. It is common in large farms, restaurants and carnivals.
Primary Factors of Human Trafficking
High Profits and Low Risk. Human trafficking is a market-driven criminal industry that is defined by the principles of demand and supply. Traffickers are earning millions and billions of dollars annually by exploiting other people. They prey their victims with promises of money, improved lifestyle, support for family, education and escape from war.
Victims of Human Trafficking
Victims of human trafficking have no limits. They can be men or women, adult or children, local residents or foreign nationals. But women and children are the key target group of most traffickers because they have limited economic resources and are mostly in need. Traffickers take advantage of people from impoverished and low income households. They like preying on young girls that run away from home and people with low levels of education. Traffickers always look for victims that they can take advantage of and seduce with their false promises.
Traffickers ensnare their victims into forced labor, prostitution and other forms of exploitation through manipulation and threats. They often use force, lies and other psychological coercion to recruit and exploit their victims. In some cases, they even kidnap their victims and use physical violence to control them.
Unfortunately, traffickers often share the same ethnicity, cultural background and nationality with their victims. They use this to their advantage because it can help them better understand the vulnerabilities of their victims.
The type of traffickers may range from individuals to extensive criminal networks. They can be pimps, family members, small business owners, gangs and so forth. The common thread among traffickers is that they are willing to exploit other people for their profit.